Category: Middle Eastern History

By Michael Seymour

Babylon: for eons its very identify has been a byword for luxurious and wickedness. 'By the rivers of Babylon we sat down and wept', wrote the psalmist, 'as we remembered Zion'. one of many maximum towns of the traditional global, Babylon has been eclipsed via its personal sinful popularity. for 2 thousand years the genuine, actual city lay buried whereas one other, ghostly urban lived on, engorged on money owed of its personal destruction. extra lately the positioning of Babylon has been the centre of significant excavation: but the miraculous result of this paintings have performed little displace the various different attention-grabbing ways that town has persevered and reinvented itself in tradition. Saddam Hussein, for one, notoriously exploited the Babylonian delusion to affiliate himself and his regime with its excellent previous. Why has Babylon so creatively fired the human mind's eye, with effects either stable and unwell? Why has it been so captivating to such a lot of, and for thus lengthy? In exploring solutions, Michael Seymour' s ebook levels greatly over area and time and embraces artwork, archaeology, historical past and literature. From Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar, through Strabo and Diodorus, to the booklet of Revelation, Brueghel, Rembrandt, Voltaire, William Blake and glossy interpreters like Umberto Eco, Italo Calvino and Gore Vidal, the writer brings to mild a carnival of disparate assets ruled via the strong and intoxicating proposal of depravity. but alluring as this darkish mythology used to be and has endured to be, at its root lies a notable and complex imperial civilization whose advanced state-building, legislations- making and faith ruled Mesopotamia and past for millennia, earlier than its incorporation into the nonetheless wider empire of the Achaemenid kings.

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By Tobias Nünlist

Der Glaube an Dämonen (ğinn) ist in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften weit verbreitet. Da sie sowohl im Koran als auch in den Prophetenworten vielfach erwähnt werden, gelten Zweifel an ihrer Existenz als verpönt. Die Studie untersucht das Wesen von Dämonen und mit ihnen verwandten Kräften anhand arabischer und persischer Quellen aus der vormodernen Zeit. Sie stützt sich zusätzlich auf eine unveröffentlichte Materialsammlung aus dem Nachlass des Basler Orientalisten Fritz Meier (1912-1998).

Wenn sich auch regionale Unterschiede feststellen lassen und sich das Auftreten von Dämonen im Lauf der Jahrhunderte veränderte, bleiben ihre Grundmerkmale von geographischen und zeitlichen Faktoren im wesentlichen doch unberührt. Dämonen manifestieren sich gern in Grenzsituationen. Eigentlich sind sie dem Menschen eher unangenehm und werden für vielfältige Schwierigkeiten im Alltag verantwortlich gemacht (v.a. Erkrankungen). Sie können aber auch helfend in Erscheinung treten. Ein Beispiel dafür ist die dichterische notion. Die ğinn gelten grundsätzlich als moralisch indifferent.

Obwohl sich die Studie hauptsächlich auf vormoderne Quellen stützt, vermittelt sie auch wichtige Erkenntnisse für die Untersuchung des Dämonenglaubens in der Gegenwart.



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By Behnaz A. Mirzai

Slavery within the heart East is a becoming box of analysis, however the background of slavery in a key nation, Iran, hasn't ever earlier than been written. This background extends to Africa within the west and India within the east, to Russia and Turkmenistan within the north, and to the Arab states within the south. because the slave exchange among Iran and those areas shifted through the years, it remodeled the state and helped forge its special tradition and id. hence, a historical past of Iranian slavery is essential to realizing the nature of the fashionable nation.

Drawing on huge archival examine in Iran, Tanzania, England, and France, in addition to fieldwork and interviews in Iran, Behnaz A. Mirzai deals the 1st heritage of slavery in smooth Iran from the early 19th century to emancipation within the mid-twentieth century. She investigates how overseas army incursion, frontier lack of confidence, political instability, and fiscal predicament altered the styles of enslavement, in addition to the ethnicity of the slaves themselves. Mirzai's interdisciplinary research illuminates the complicated concerns surrounding the background of the slave alternate and the method of emancipation in Iran, whereas additionally giving voice to social teams that experience by no means been studied—enslaved Africans and Iranians. Her study builds a transparent case that the alternate in slaves used to be inexorably associated with the authority of the nation. during times of higher decentralization, slave buying and selling elevated, whereas classes of better governmental autonomy observed extra freedom and peace.

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By Ze'ev Drory

This publication discusses the contribution of the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) to the construction of the social and academic foundations of the rustic, and its position within the sector of immigrant absorption and payment through the first years of the Israeli kingdom. the writer examines how less than the advice of David Ben-Gurion Israel was once capable of make the most of the values of army association to wrestle serious, fiscal, and social problems, and construct a civil society to underpin the recent state.

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By Rosemarie Said Zahlan

This ultimate publication from Rosemarie stated Zahlan, renowned scholar of heart East Politics and History, explores the relationships among Palestine and the Gulf because the Nineteen Thirties. those relationships have ebbed and flowed, crisscrossed limitations and occasions, and brought on various types. they've got pervaded nationwide, nearby and foreign relationships, were bilateral and multilateral in nature, and feature seemed and disappeared without notice from the general public area. unusually, this community of hyperlinks and relationships has remained principally unknown. Rosemarie Said Zahlan fills this serious gap and demonstrates how the neighborhood Gulf politics and nice strength intervention during this a part of the realm will lengthy stay impacted through the abiding non-resolution of the Palestinian problem.

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By C. R. Boxer

First released in 1930.
'The Broadway Travellers consolidates its already excessive recognition by way of issuing this volume...' Spectator
This is the 1st translation of the Commentarios considering that unique ebook in 1647. Copies of the unique are very infrequent but the paintings covers an traditionally major interval, describing the operations top as much as the trap from the Portuguese of Ormuz, within the Persian Gulf, via an Anglo-Persian strength. Of value within the heritage of the increase of the Indian Empire, this is often the 1st published account of the Portuguese model of the affair.
The appendices contain many formerly unpublished Portuguese records, an important of that is the entire magazine of Edward Monnox, who was once current in the course of the operations.

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By Eileen T. Lundy,Edward J. Lundy

In the 1st decade of the twenty-first century, American stories courses started to unfold within the heart East. in the course of a time of emerging anti-American sentiment, ten significant courses have been verified within the area. What impulses propelled universities within the heart East to set up those facilities and courses? What influenced scholars to take classes and pursue levels in American experiences? partially, American stories courses built that allows you to “know the enemy,” to higher comprehend America’s ubiquitous impression in international kinfolk, know-how, and tradition; even though, a few courses grew simply because citizens favorite the beliefs set forth as American, together with democracy and unfastened speech.

Practicing Transnationalism investigates those concerns and others, utilizing the reviews and learn of the editors and individuals, who labored both without delay in those courses or as adjunct to them. those students search to appreciate what American strength capacity to humans within the center East. They learn the problem of constructing American reviews courses in a transnational paradigm, striving to construct courses which are break free and significant of yankee imperialism with out easily changing into anti-American. within the essays, the participants offer context for a way the sphere of yank stories has grown and constructed, they usually supply perspectives of cultural interactions and school room occasions, demonstrating the issues teachers confronted and the way they labored to handle them.

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By Sharon Rotbard

White urban, Black urban is a narrative of 2 intertwining narratives which unearths the hidden heritage of the quarter the place now stands modern day Tel Aviv. the hot architectural panorama of this urban, its Bauhaus-influenced modernist structure glittering white, represents one part of the tale, that of the White urban, which rose from the sparse sand dunes to accommodate a brand new Jewish society.

But there's a moment tale – that of the Black urban of Jaffa, the lines of which lie at the outskirts of the zone, and that are not often pointed out.

In this booklet, Sharon Rotbard blows aside this palimpsest in a transparent, fluent and hard type, which provides to strength the truth of what such a lot of have praised as ‘progress’ into the mainstream discourse.

White urban, Black urban is, by surprise, an indignant uncovering of a vanished heritage, a ebook mourning the lack of an architectural historical past, a cautious examine in city layout and a superbly written narrative background. it's in all senses a political publication, yet one who expands past the common.

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